Quantiferon TB-Gold’- A powerful Diagnostic Tool for Tuberculosis!!!

What is Tuberculosis? Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. But the responsible bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, can also damage the other parts of the body. According to WHO, compared with other diseases caused by a single infectious agent, tuberculosis is the second biggest killer, globally. In 2015, 1.8 million people died from … Read more…

Food Poisoning of Bangladesh

Food poisoning is an acute gastro-enteritis caused by ingestion of food or drink contaminated with either living bacteria or their toxins or inorganic chemical substances and poisons derived from plants and animals. Food poisoning is characterized by a. History of ingestion of common food. b. Attack of many persons at the same time c. Similarity … Read more…

Felty’s Syndrom – What is it? Medical Review

What is Felty’s Syndrom? Felty’s syndrome is defined by the clinical triad of neutropenia, splenomegaly, and nodular Rheumatoid Arthritis and is seen in less than 1% of patients, although its incidence appears to be declining in the face of more aggressive treatment of the joint disease. It typically occurs in white patients in the late … Read more…

Mitral Stenosis X-Ray Findings with Figure

Mitral Stenosis, X-Ray Findings with Figure What is Mitral Stenosis? There are four valves in heart. One of them is Mitral valve which is situated between Left atrium and left ventricle. If the Valve becomes stenosed (narrow), then it is called mitral stenosis. Common causes of Mitral Stenosis: Most Common Cause is Chronic Rheumatic Heart … Read more…

Leishmaniasis or Kalazar – Sandfly is the Culprit to Spread

Leishmaniasis or Kalazar Leishmaniasis are a group of protozoal diseases caused by parasites of genus Leishmania, and transmitted to man by the bite of female phlebotomine sand-fly.  They are responsible for various for various syndrome in humans as ⦁    Kalaazar or visceral leishmaniasis (VL) ⦁    Muco-cutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL) ⦁    Anthroponotic Cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) ⦁    Zoonotic cutaneous … Read more…

Psoriasis – Etiology, Pathogenesis and Clinical Features

Psoriasis – Etiology, Pathogenis and Clinical features Psoriasis Definition: Psoriasis is a common chronic recurrent multifactorial disease characterized by cutaneous inflammation, silvery scales, and parakeratotic immature cells in the stratum corneum due to accelerated epidermopoesis. Aetiology of Psoriasis Genetic Environmental Trauma Stress Infection Drugs i.      Anti-malarial ii.      B-Blocker iii.      NSAIDs iv.      Lithium v.      Alcohol Sunlight … Read more…

Hyperthyroidism – Sign and Symptoms

 Hyperthyroidism: Sign & Symptoms Hyperthyroidism: Signs and Symptoms (mnemonic)-“THYROIDISM” T = Tremor H = Heart rate up Y =Yawning [fatigability] R = Restlessness O = Oligomenorrhea & amenorrhea I = Intolerance to heat, D =Diarrhea I = Irritability S = Sweating M = Musle wasting & weight loss E = Exophthalmos Symptoms Signs Common Weight … Read more…

Schizophrenia – Definition and Major Sign Symptoms

Schizophrenia: “Schizophrenia is a psychosis (major psychotic disorder) characterized by delusion, hallucination and lack of insight.” Clinical Features of Schizophrenia: First Rank Symptoms Of Acute Schizophrenia: A = Auditory Hallucination – second or third person B = Broadcasting, insertion or withdrawl of thoughts C = Controlled Feelings, impulse or Acts D = Delusional Perception Symptoms Of Acute Schizophrenia (Negative Symptoms): … Read more…

Hyperthyroidism Assessment And Cause

Hyperthyroidism Assesment And Cause   Hyperthyroidism Presentation: The patient has tremor of outstretched hands Palm of the hands are warm and sweaty Pulse – 120/min (Tachycardia. Pulse may be normal, if the patient is on B-blocker) If you suspect a patient is suffering from hyperthyroidism, what else do you want to examine? Answer: I want … Read more…