Epistaxis (Nose Bleeding): Causes, Treatment

Epistaxis (Nose Bleeding): Causes, Treatment Introductions of epistaxis (nose bleeding): Epistaxis (nose bleeding) means bleeding from the nose. It is a common problem and 70% of adult males have had experience epistaxis (nose bleeding) over the age of 60 years, it is also common in children. Causes of epistaxis (nose bleeding): Trauma (fracture, foreign body, … Read more…

Club Foot Gross Review – Orthopedic World

Introduction of Club Foot Club foot is also called talipes equinovarus. It is  a congenital deformity of the leg occurring in 1 or 2 of thousand births. Males are more affected. Male female ratio is 2:1. One third of these cases are bilateral. CAUSES of club foot: Actual cause of club foot is still unknown. … Read more…

Detail of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis facts Introduction of Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease of the joints and other areas of the body It may occur at any age, females are more affected. In rheumatoid arthritis, multiple joints are usually, but not always, affected in a symmetrical pattern. A chronic case of rheumatoid … Read more…

Orthopaedics Outline

Orthopaedics outline Introduction of orthopaedics: Orthopedics is an important branch of surgery. It deals with diseases of bones including fracture, infections, trauma, neoplasm etc. It also deals with diseases of muscle, tendons, ligaments, nerves and vessels. Origin of orthopaedics: The word ‘Orthopaedics’ came from two Greek words: Orthon = Straight Paidion =  Child This term … Read more…

Snake Bite: What To Do

Snake Bite: What To Do   Types of snake venom: Cytotoxins cause local tissue damage. Hemotoxins cause Cytotoxins cause local tissue damage.. Neurotoxins affect the nervous system. Cardiotoxins act directly on the heart.     Symptoms of snake bite: Symptoms depend on the type of snake, but may include: Bleeding from wound Blurred vision Burning of the skin Convulsions Diarrhea … Read more…

Osteosarcoma: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis

Osteosarcoma: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis Introduction of Osteosarcoma Osteosarcoma is a highly malignant tumour arising within the bone and spreading rapidly outwards to the periosteum and surrounding soft tissues. It is said to occur predominantly in children and adolescents, but epidemiological studies suggest that between 1972 and 1981 the age of presentation rose significantly (Stark … Read more…

Fracture Nasal Bone – Causes, Hazards, Treatment

Fracture Nasal Bone: Causes, Hazards, Treatment Causes of nasal bone fracture: Trauma on the nose. Classification of nasal bone fracture: Type-1- There is vertical fracture of the nasal septum Type-2- The nasal bones are displaced laterally. Type-3- There marked depression. The septum is collapsed. Symptoms of nasal bone fracture: 1) Deformity- Depression or lateral displacement … Read more…

INFECTIONS OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

INFECTIONS OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM Introduction central nervous system infection: Nervous system — Central Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System   Central Nervous system – Brain   — Cerebrum, Brain stem & cerebellum Spinal cord Coverings of brain – Meninges Dura mater Arachnoid mater Pia mater   Definition of central nervous system infection: Infection occurring in relation … Read more…

Gout: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention

Gout: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention   Gout: what is it? : Gout is a disorder of purine metabolism characterized by deposition of uric acid crystal in joints and periarticular tissue. Gout is one of the 3 crystal deposition disorders. Other crystal deposition disorders are ‘pseudo gout’ and ‘calcium hydroxyapatite deposition disorder’.   Types of gout: … Read more…

Head Inury: what to do

Head Injury: What To Do Head injury is very common accident in all over the world. Any road accident, violence, trauma, fall from height etc may result head injury. It may be serious enough to endanger life.   Head Injury/Brain Trauma RESULTS FROM : A. IMPACT DAMAGE: 1. Cortical Contusion 2. Cortical Laceration 3. Bone Penetration … Read more…