Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with a population of 150 million people, 26 percent of which live below the poverty line ($ US a day). Besides that, 48 percent of children starves under the condition of the low social status of women in Bangladesh society.
Bangladesh suffers from many problems such as poor infrastructure, political instability, corruption, insufficient electric power supply, the economy of the country grew on 5-6 percent a year since 1996. However, Bangladesh remains poor and overpopulated.
20 million of Bangladeshi managed to overcome poverty for the two decades. A poor rate in an overall number of the population decreased from 44,2 percent in the year 1991 up to 18,5 percent in 2010. This rate, probably, decreased even more: by World Bank calculations, it amounted to 13,8 percent in 2015.
Numbers employed women doubled, and birthrate decreased from 6,2 live births per each woman in 1990 up to only 2,2 live births at present. The number of women, who died at childbirth, by the year 2015 decreased by approximately 40 percent by the year 2001. During a period from 1990 to 2013 the number of children, who did not make it until the age of 5, decreased in three times.
Garment industry develops exponentially in the country, and at the present days, Bangladesh is second only to China in a production of ready-made clothes. Such results were achieved despite the high population density and many draughts.
How did Bangladesh manage to achieve such results?
Poverty is easy to overcome if to work on a few fronts at the same time and to keep desired goal loyalty. The most important thing is the desired goal loyalty, poverty project goal.
Such progress was difficult to imagine half a century ago. During the independence war, which ended in the year 1971, 3 millions of people died, two-thirds of the economy was destroyed, and 70 percent of the new country population was plunged into poverty.
However, fight for the independence-changed psychology of people; they began to strive for the achievement of their goals, believed within themselves».
There were cows and plows only before. Today tractors are working in the entire villages. Illiterate peasants reclaim techniques because they have something to strive for. They decided that even if they were born poor, their children would not be.
The national character of people played a significant role in the success of Bangladesh, especially a feeling of social equality, which allowed, in particular, give women rights and create significant opportunities for them.
The national program of education development, health care, and social insurance also made it to where poverty among the population was decreased.
All citizens should have access to education. Today, about 99 percent of children receive elementary education. Parameters are not that good in the sphere of secondary school, however, not that bad either: since recently, 29 percent of children were taking it, while today; it is more than 60 percent.
Besides, the country shows pragmatism and down-to-earthiness, ability to set interim goals and act on a phased basis. All the innovations focused on a grassroots level, and we put at a heart of end of purpose.
Another critical factor of Bangladesh development is road construction of local significance, which connects villages with cities nearby. This factor is most likely to play the essential reformative role in Bangladesh, as long as people were given a free hand to go to other districts of the country and even abroad and send money, and money transmissions from abroad in 2015 were about 7,7 percent of GDP.
Distance is also a problem just like poverty. Now girls got a chance to go to school, micro banking is developed, women have an opportunity to market, and all this would be impossible if a problem of distance were not solved.
Bangladesh readiness for the destructive effects of natural calamities. The number of sanctuaries increased, and warning systems were created, due to which for the last 40 years cyclone body count decreased more than a hundred times.
At the time, the World Bank Group gave almost 24 billion US dollars for poverty reduction in Bangladesh, which promoted the development and economic growth of the country. The World Bank provides support to the most critical programs in the area of healthcare, education, disaster risk reduction, agricultural sector and stability strengthening for adverse effects of climate change.
One can write a book about taken actions by Bangladesh on poverty reduction: those are family payments, who send girls to school, and microfinance, and successful measured aimed to family planning and empowerment of women, so they could work and contribute into economic growth.
For all that, hardships remain: problems of fast-moving urbanization are to be solved, children growth delay, supplying of general electrification.
However, the secretary of finance in Bangladesh А. Мuhith believes that his country can win the poverty struggle by the year 2030.
When he was asked about perspectives of achieving the goal, he smiled and said that he has no doubts that there will be no poverty in the country by the year 2024.
If to take into consideration the fact that about a milliard of people lives below the official poverty line, global program of struggle with poverty UNO speaks about, again and again, would cost 5 trillion dollars.
About the author
Melisa Marzett is the author of many guest articles who works for top proofreading services online and dreams a dream to write a helpful book for enthusiastic readers. Many books if she is lucky. She has already found her audience if to speak about articles, which gives her hope to engage people in a reading her books. She is involved in the world`s problems and is always ready to help the poor, needy and distressed. Not a day goes by that she does not give alms.